How Much Do You Know About Wool Fabrics?

- Dec 21, 2019-

For a suit of excellent quality and texture, a pure wool fabric is essential. However, in actual life, everyone may be limited to the fabric ingredients on the internal standard of the suit, and even many people do not care, so the feelings on the suit will be very different, and some people will think that I bought thousands of suits Why the color is so bad, the fabric is not good, and some people think that more than a thousand suits are almost the same as a few thousand suits. In addition to the differences in manufacturing process and brand, the choice of fabric is crucial.


What are the wool fabrics, and how can they be identified?


Pure wool fabric

Pure wool fabrics have a natural soft color and good warmth, and are the first choice for custom suits and coats. With the improvement of textile technology, wool-like fabrics and pure-wool fabrics are difficult to identify from the surface, and even some wool-like fabrics feel better, but they are far from pure in terms of color, warmth, and feel. Wool fabrics (except for functional wool-like fabrics such as special industries). And how to identify it? "One look, two touches, three burns and four rubs."


Touch.

Pure wool fabrics usually have a smooth feel, while long-haired fabrics have a smooth feel when they touch the hair, and they have a stinging sensation. And blended or purified fiber products, some are not soft, some are too soft and loose, and have a sticky feel.


Look at the color.

The color of pure wool fabrics is naturally soft, bright and without staleness. In contrast, blended or purified fiber fabrics have either a darker gloss or a flashy feel.


Look at elasticity.

Hold the object by hand, then release it immediately to see the fabric elasticity. Pure wool fabrics have a high rebound rate and can quickly return to their original state, while blended or chemical fiber products have poor wrinkle resistance, and most of them have obvious wrinkle marks or slow recovery. This is why pure wool suits will naturally recover after hanging overnight.


Identification by combustion method.

Take a bunch of yarn and burn it with fire. Pure wool fiber smells like burning hair, chemical fiber fabric smells like burning plastic. The harder the particles after combustion, the more chemical fiber components.


Single root identification.

The hair of all animals is scaly under the microscope. If it is a long-hair fabric, just take a hair and rub it a few times and it will move up or down. If it is a normal fabric, take a yarn and cut it by 2 cm Two pieces of fiber separated into pieces are rubbed four or five times in the palm of the hand to see if they will move.


Wool material

Animal wool fibers used in wool fabrics on the market include sheep wool, goat wool and camel wool.


Sheep wool

The sweaters, woolen cloths, felts, etc. that people use most daily are mainly sheep wool densely packed on sheep. Since the amount of sheep wool is the largest, "wool" has become the abbreviation for sheep wool. The countries with the highest sheep wool production in the world are Australia, the CIS, New Zealand, Argentina and China. Wool count and grade are the basis for assessing wool grade and quality. The higher the count, the better the quality, the higher the rank, and the worse the quality.


Goat hair

Goat wool refers to the rough and dead hair cut from the goat hair. Generally, the fine hair on the goat's wool is very short and cannot be spun, and the coarse hair can only be used for writing brushes and brushes, with the exception of mohair. Mohair is Angora wool, produced in Turkey's Angola Province, North America and South Asia. It is a high-quality wool fiber with a smooth surface, few curls, long and thick, with a silky soft and strong luster, excellent return Elasticity, abrasion resistance and high strength are ideal raw materials for weaving high-grade fabrics such as jacquard blankets, plush, down coats, and artificial fur. Zhongwei mountain wool in northwestern China also belongs to the mohair category.


Alpaca

Alpaca (ALPACA), also known as "camel wool", has a fiber length of 20-40 cm and is also white, brown, gray, black and other colors. Because 90% is produced in the Peruvian Andes, it is also known as "Peru wool" . The Andes is 4,500 meters above sea level, and the temperature difference between day and night is extremely great, -20 to -18 ° C at night, and 15 to 18 ° C during the day. The sunlight is intense, the atmosphere is thin, and the wind is cold. Of course, alpaca living in such a harsh environment can withstand extreme temperature changes. Alpaca hair is not only moisturizing, but also effectively resists sun radiation. The alpaca hair fiber contains a medullary cavity visible under a microscope. Most imported fabrics are made from this wool material.


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